Treatment Options

Treatment Options

How are Gingivitis and Periodontitis treated?

The treatment is variable and is usually related
to extent and severity. There are many ways of treating
both Gingivitis and Periodontitis. These will be
explained to you with recommendations. A typical
treatment schedule is:

Diagnosis

This generally requires complete X-rays of the teeth

  1. Since this is a disease of
    the bone around the tooth adental x-rays are our “eyes
    for the bone”. They are very important!
  2. Gingivitis and Periodontitis
    generally effects most areas of the mouth,
    so x-rays of all areas are needed.

Complete periodontal examination.

A simple device called a periodontal probe is used to measure the depth of the space between the tooth and gum (the pocket). Deeper pockets indicate that bone has been lost. Properly done this is only a minor discomfort.

General cleanings

General cleanings are generally more extensive than regular cleanings!

Other

Depending on severity (how much bone has been lost and where), type of periodontal disease (there are several different types), antibiotics, oral rinses, and surgery may be indicated or needed.

What if the Periodontal Disease is Not treated?

Periodontitis is a progressive disease. Bone loss around the teeth continues until so much support has been lost that the tooth (teeth) may need to be removed. There are also systemic (body) complications that may include cardiovascular and pulmonary problems, and low birth-weight in the childbearing female. The bottom line is that it does not get better without treatment.

periodontics5

Bone loss resulting from Periodontitis.